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What are the Types of Sand Making Machines

Sand-making machines are also called sand crushers or sand makers. They play a vital role in the mining industries and modern construction. The sand-making devices are used for crushing huge rocks and coarse materials into sand particles used in various applications, including road building, concrete production, and construction. There have been advancements in technology leading to the emergence of different types of sand-making machines, each containing unique characteristics. In the following article, we will create a comprehensive overview of all the types of sand-making devices available in the market. It will help you to choose one that suits your needs.

What are the Types of Sand Making Machines?

Each of the following machines has different working principles, and they offer a wide range of industries they serve.

The Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher (VSI)

The VSI crusher is the most used sand-making machine. It works by employing a rotor at high speed, and the crushing chamber walls are coated with crushing anvils. When the rotor circulates at high speed, it creates a centrifugal force. The centrifugal force is responsible for propelling the materials into the anvils. There is an impact that occurs, which results in the decrease in size of larger particles into smaller ones that have a uniform shape.

The vertical shaft impact crusher produces a uniform and cubical-shaped end product; therefore, it is mostly used to produce uniform sand used in road projects and construction operations. It is also essential to note that the vertica shaft impact crusher can crush the following materials: ores, minerals, and hard rocks. It’s a very valuable asset in different industries due to its versatility.

The Cone Crushers

Cone crushers have a primary job offering mining industries tertiary and secondary crushing stages. Unbelievably the cone crushers can also be used for sand production. The machine contains a mantle, and the surface is concave shaped to compress the materials fed into the crusher, which results in a size reduction of the particles of the materials.

It is essential to note that cone crushers are not the first choice when producing sand. The main reason cone crushers are not the first choice is because they make larger particles and have a high cost of operation. The cone crusher is valuable for various applications requiring a good quality of sand, but only when the other machine is unavailable.

The Horizontal Shaft Impact Crusher (HSI)

The horizontal shaft impact crusher is similar to the vertical shaft impact crusher because it uses a rotor that moves at high speed to break down materials. The difference comes in at the impact since in a horizontal shaft impact crusher, and the effect occurs horizontally. The following design enables operators to produce a variable range of sand particles compared to the vertical shaft impact crusher.

It is essential to note that operators, especially in the construction and mining industries, use horizontal shaft impact crushers to produce gravel, aggregate material, and sand. The horizontal shaft impact crusher is known for its effectiveness in soft to medium-hard materials.

The Jaw Crushers

What are the jaw crushers famously known for? They are known for their capacity and ability to break down the toughest materials. Without any doubt, they are suitable for producing sand in various applications. Let’s talk a little about the jaw crusher and how it works. The jaw crusher consists of two plates, one fixed and a movable plate. Both leaves form a V shape; the material is compressed by the two plates crushing the down materials into smaller pieces.

It is essential to note that there are better choices than jaw crushers for sand-making operations. They come in handy, especially in recycling processes, such as demolished materials being broken down to create sand for construction purposes.

The Sand Making Mills

The sand-making mills are also called the agitated or stirred mills. They are machines with energy efficiency and are used to produce sand of fine size and shape. Let’s take a look at how the sand-making mills operate. They use kinetic energy to crush materials through grinding media, including ceramic beads or steel balls. Sand-making mills are mostly used in the pigment, ink, and paint industries. The demand for finely dispersed and high quality is essential in the following sectors.

The Sand Making Machines with Screens

Several types of sand-making machines are made with screens enabling them to classify sand according to the size of particles. These machines are also called screening plants. Their main role is to ensure that sand in the process meets the requirements of the operators before it is used for any manufacturing processes or construction. Integrating screens in sand-making machines enables operators to produce the exact condition of sand texture.


Sand-making machines have become a game changer in the field of sand production. More and more mining  crusher manufacturers are making sand making equipment to offer high-quality products, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness.

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